Tag Content
UniProt Accession
Theoretical PI
Molecular Weight
25379 Da  
Genbank Nucleotide ID
Genbank Protein ID
Gene Name
Gene Synonyms/Alias
Protein Name
Proteasome subunit beta type-6 
Protein Synonyms/Alias
EC= Low molecular mass protein 19; Macropain delta chain; Multicatalytic endopeptidase complex delta chain; Proteasome delta chain; Proteasome subunit Y;Flags: Precursor 
Mus musculus (Mouse) 
NCBI Taxonomy ID
Chromosome Location
View in Ensembl genome browser  
Function in Stage
Function in Cell Type
Probability (GAS) of Function in Spermatogenesis
The probability was calculated by GAS algorithm, ranging from 0 to 1. The closer it is to 1, the more possibly it functions in spermatogenesis.
Temporarily unavailable 
Abstract of related literatures
1. The proteasome subunit DELTA is unusually closely related to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-linked proteasome subunit, LMP2. The sequence of a mouse cDNA for DELTA confirms that this 22,100 M(r) proteasome subunit is highly conserved across species. Sequence analysis of the mouse gene encoding DELTA, designated Lmp19, indicates that it consists of six exons and five introns, similar to the Lmp2 gene. The 5' upstream region lacks a TATA regulatory sequence, which is also absent from proteasome genes isolated from Drosophila. BXD recombinant inbred (RI) mice were used to map the potential chromosomal location of Lmp19, and revealed that the DELTA subunit has related sequences present on two different mouse chromosomes, chromosomes 1 and 11. Typing of 89 progeny from a C57BL/6J X Mus spretus DNA backcross panel (BSS) confirmed the chromosome 1 assignment. Southern hybridization with a polymerase chain reaction-generated Lmp19 intron 2-specific probe indicates that the Lmp19 genomic clone corresponds to the sequence on chromosome 11, and further suggests that the chromosome 1 copy represents a processed pseudogene (Lmp19-ps1). PMID: [7797265] 

2. This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and polyadenylation. There are 16,247 new mouse protein-coding transcripts, including 5154 encoding previously unidentified proteins. Genomic mapping of the transcriptome reveals transcriptional forests, with overlapping transcription on both strands, separated by deserts in which few transcripts are observed. The data provide a comprehensive platform for the comparative analysis of mammalian transcriptional regulation in differentiation and development. PMID: [16141072] 

3. The mouse (Mus musculus) is the premier animal model for understanding human disease and development. Here we show that a comprehensive understanding of mouse biology is only possible with the availability of a finished, high-quality genome assembly. The finished clone-based assembly of the mouse strain C57BL/6J reported here has over 175,000 fewer gaps and over 139 Mb more of novel sequence, compared with the earlier MGSCv3 draft genome assembly. In a comprehensive analysis of this revised genome sequence, we are now able to define 20,210 protein-coding genes, over a thousand more than predicted in the human genome (19,042 genes). In addition, we identified 439 long, non-protein-coding RNAs with evidence for transcribed orthologs in human. We analyzed the complex and repetitive landscape of 267 Mb of sequence that was missing or misassembled in the previously published assembly, and we provide insights into the reasons for its resistance to sequencing and assembly by whole-genome shotgun approaches. Duplicated regions within newly assembled sequence tend to be of more recent ancestry than duplicates in the published draft, correcting our initial understanding of recent evolution on the mouse lineage. These duplicates appear to be largely composed of sequence regions containing transposable elements and duplicated protein-coding genes; of these, some may be fixed in the mouse population, but at least 40% of segmentally duplicated sequences are copy number variable even among laboratory mouse strains. Mouse lineage-specific regions contain 3,767 genes drawn mainly from rapidly-changing gene families associated with reproductive functions. The finished mouse genome assembly, therefore, greatly improves our understanding of rodent-specific biology and allows the delineation of ancestral biological functions that are shared with human from derived functions that are not. PMID: [19468303] 

4. The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline. PMID: [15489334] 

5. Decreases in the 26S proteasome are related to the toxicities of abnormal protein aggregates and may contribute to pathogenesis of degenerative diseases. Therefore, maintenance of proteasome function can be a novel strategy to protect cells against abnormal protein-mediated toxicity. In the present study, we have demonstrated the tissue specific increase of the catalytic subunits of the proteasome in mice following oral administration of 3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (D3T, 0.5 mmol/kg), which functions as a cancer preventive agent in animal and human studies. Expression of the 20S catalytic core subunits PSMB5, PSMB6, and PSMB7 were increased in liver, lung, small intestine, and colon of mice at 24 h after D3T treatment. Elevated expression of proteasome catalytic subunits led to increases in proteasomal peptidase activities in these tissues. Oral administration of D3T also exerted a pharmacodynamic action in some brain regions of these mice and proteasomal peptidase activities were significantly elevated in the cerebral cortex-hippocampus. Moreover, tissue extracts from D3T-treated mice and cell lysates obtained from D3T-incubated murine neuroblastoma cells exhibited the enhanced capacity to degrade mutant human SOD1G93A protein. These results indicate that the catalytic subunits of the 26S proteasome are inducible in multiple tissues of mouse including brain by exogenous chemical treatment. Increased proteasome expression by inducers may have a role in protection/attenuation of protein aggregate-mediated disorders. PMID: [17521679] 

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The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complexwhich is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg,Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral orslightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolyticactivity. May catalyze basal processing of intracellular antigens. 
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Subcellular Location
Cytoplasm. Nucleus. 
Tissue Specificity
Gene Ontology
GO IDGO termEvidence
GO:0005737 C:cytoplasm IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO:0005634 C:nucleus IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO:0005839 C:proteasome core complex IEA:InterPro.
GO:0004298 F:threonine-type endopeptidase activity IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
GO:0051603 P:proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process IEA:InterPro.
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IPR000243;    Pept_T1A_subB.
IPR016050;    Proteasome_bsu_CS.
IPR001353;    Proteasome_sua/b.
IPR023333;    Proteasome_suB-type.
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PF00227;    Proteasome;    1.
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PS00854;    PROTEASOME_B_1;    1.
PS51476;    PROTEASOME_B_2;    1.
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PR00141;    PROTEASOME.;   
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Created Date
Record Type
GAS predicted 
Sequence Annotation
INIT_MET      1      1       Removed (By similarity).
PROPEP        2     33       Removed in mature form (By similarity).
CHAIN        34    238       Proteasome subunit beta type-6.
ACT_SITE     34     34       Nucleophile (By similarity).
MOD_RES       2      2       N-acetylalanine (By similarity).
VARIANT      38     38       A -> T.
VARIANT      89     89       A -> T.
CONFLICT      2      2       A -> T (in Ref. 1).
CONFLICT      6      6       A -> S (in Ref. 1).
STRAND       36     40
STRAND       42     49
STRAND       53     55
STRAND       58     63
STRAND       67     69
STRAND       71     80
HELIX        82    103
HELIX       109    122
TURN        123    126
STRAND      129    137
TURN        138    140
STRAND      141    147
STRAND      157    162
HELIX       163    168
HELIX       169    175
HELIX       182    199
STRAND      200    202
STRAND      207    213
STRAND      216    222
HELIX       224    226
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Nucleotide Sequence
Length: 721 bp   Go to nucleotide: FASTA
Protein Sequence
Length: 238 bp   Go to amino acid: FASTA
The verified Protein-Protein interaction information
Gene Symbol Ref Databases
Other Protein-Protein interaction resources
String database  
View Microarray data