0.899671413 The probability was calculated by GAS algorithm, ranging from 0 to 1. The closer it is to 1, the more possibly it functions in spermatogenesis.
Abstract of related literatures
1. In both humans and mice, two genes encode phosphoglycerate kinase, a key enzyme in the glycolytic pathway. The pgk-1 gene is expressed in all somatic cells, is located on the X chromosome, and contains 10 introns. The pgk-2 gene is expressed only in sperm cells, is located on an autosome, and has no introns. The nucleotide sequence of the pgk-2 gene suggests that it arose from pgk-1 more than 100 million years ago by RNA-mediated gene duplication. The pgk-2 gene may, then, be a transcribed retroposon. Thus, gene duplication by retroposition may have been used as a mechanism for evolutionary diversification. PMID: 
2. This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and polyadenylation. There are 16,247 new mouse protein-coding transcripts, including 5154 encoding previously unidentified proteins. Genomic mapping of the transcriptome reveals transcriptional forests, with overlapping transcription on both strands, separated by deserts in which few transcripts are observed. The data provide a comprehensive platform for the comparative analysis of mammalian transcriptional regulation in differentiation and development. PMID: 
3. The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline. PMID: 
4. During mammalian spermatogenesis the isozyme pattern of a glycolytic enzyme, phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK; ATP: 3-phospho-D-glycerate 1-phosphotransferase, EC 220.127.116.11), changes from the somatic-type PGK-1 to the testis-specific PGK-2, and this change has been suggested to involve transcription switch. We have isolated genomic DNA fragments which code for the mouse PGK isozymes and determined the transcription start site of each gene. The results demonstrate that transcriptions of the two PGK genes are initiated at multiple sites under the control of TATA box-lacking promoters. The putative promoter regions of the two genes contain several distinct sequences known as the CCAAT box and the GC box which possibly bind CCAAT-binding proteins and Sp1, respectively. We next developed a culture system in which spermatogenic gene expression is partly reproduced. When spermatogenic cells of 20-day-old rats were cultured, transcripts from PGK-2 and another spermatogenic gene PRPS3 became detectable, while expression of other non-spermatogenic genes did not significantly change during culture. These results suggest that two spermatogenic genes PGK-2 and PRPS3 were activated in culture according to a developmental program of spermatogenesis. Thus, this culture system may be useful for studying the molecular mechanism underlying mammalian spermatogenic gene expression. PMID: