Tag Content
SG ID
SG00011784 
UniProt Accession
Theoretical PI
5.22  
Molecular Weight
20413 Da  
Genbank Nucleotide ID
Genbank Protein ID
Gene Name
Rangrf 
Gene Synonyms/Alias
Mog1, Rangnrf 
Protein Name
Ran guanine nucleotide release factor 
Protein Synonyms/Alias
RanGNRF Ran-binding protein MOG1; 
Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse) 
NCBI Taxonomy ID
10090 
Chromosome Location
chr:11;68785986-68788687;-1
View in Ensembl genome browser  
Function in Stage
Uncertain 
Function in Cell Type
Uncertain 
Probability (GAS) of Function in Spermatogenesis
0.831073249 
The probability was calculated by GAS algorithm, ranging from 0 to 1. The closer it is to 1, the more possibly it functions in spermatogenesis.
Description
Temporarily unavailable 
Abstract of related literatures
1. Ran is a Ras-related GTPase that is essential for the transport of protein and RNA between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Proteins that regulate the GTPase cycle and subcellular distribution of Ran include the cytoplasmic GTPase-activating protein (RanGAP) and its co-factors (RanBP1, RanBP2), the nuclear guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RanGEF), and the Ran import receptor (NTF2). The recent identification of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Mog1p as a suppressor of temperature-sensitive Ran mutations suggests that additional regulatory proteins remain to be characterized. Here, we describe the identification and biochemical characterization of murine Mog1, which, like its yeast orthologue, is a nuclear protein that binds specifically to RanGTP. We show that Mog1 stimulates the release of GTP from Ran, indicating that Mog1 functions as a guanine nucleotide release factor in vitro. Following GTP release, Mog1 remains bound to nucleotide-free Ran in a conformation that prevents rebinding of the guanine nucleotide. These properties distinguish Mog1 from the well characterized RanGEF and suggest an unanticipated mechanism for modulating nuclear levels of RanGTP. PMID: [10811801] 

2. This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and polyadenylation. There are 16,247 new mouse protein-coding transcripts, including 5154 encoding previously unidentified proteins. Genomic mapping of the transcriptome reveals transcriptional forests, with overlapping transcription on both strands, separated by deserts in which few transcripts are observed. The data provide a comprehensive platform for the comparative analysis of mammalian transcriptional regulation in differentiation and development. PMID: [16141072] 

3. The mouse (Mus musculus) is the premier animal model for understanding human disease and development. Here we show that a comprehensive understanding of mouse biology is only possible with the availability of a finished, high-quality genome assembly. The finished clone-based assembly of the mouse strain C57BL/6J reported here has over 175,000 fewer gaps and over 139 Mb more of novel sequence, compared with the earlier MGSCv3 draft genome assembly. In a comprehensive analysis of this revised genome sequence, we are now able to define 20,210 protein-coding genes, over a thousand more than predicted in the human genome (19,042 genes). In addition, we identified 439 long, non-protein-coding RNAs with evidence for transcribed orthologs in human. We analyzed the complex and repetitive landscape of 267 Mb of sequence that was missing or misassembled in the previously published assembly, and we provide insights into the reasons for its resistance to sequencing and assembly by whole-genome shotgun approaches. Duplicated regions within newly assembled sequence tend to be of more recent ancestry than duplicates in the published draft, correcting our initial understanding of recent evolution on the mouse lineage. These duplicates appear to be largely composed of sequence regions containing transposable elements and duplicated protein-coding genes; of these, some may be fixed in the mouse population, but at least 40% of segmentally duplicated sequences are copy number variable even among laboratory mouse strains. Mouse lineage-specific regions contain 3,767 genes drawn mainly from rapidly-changing gene families associated with reproductive functions. The finished mouse genome assembly, therefore, greatly improves our understanding of rodent-specific biology and allows the delineation of ancestral biological functions that are shared with human from derived functions that are not. PMID: [19468303] 

4. The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF) for every human and mouse gene. The project initially used a random strategy to select clones from a large number of cDNA libraries from diverse tissues. Candidate clones were chosen based on 5'-EST sequences, and then fully sequenced to high accuracy and analyzed by algorithms developed for this project. Currently, more than 11,000 human and 10,000 mouse genes are represented in MGC by at least one clone with a full ORF. The random selection approach is now reaching a saturation point, and a transition to protocols targeted at the missing transcripts is now required to complete the mouse and human collections. Comparison of the sequence of the MGC clones to reference genome sequences reveals that most cDNA clones are of very high sequence quality, although it is likely that some cDNAs may carry missense variants as a consequence of experimental artifact, such as PCR, cloning, or reverse transcriptase errors. Recently, a rat cDNA component was added to the project, and ongoing frog (Xenopus) and zebrafish (Danio) cDNA projects were expanded to take advantage of the high-throughput MGC pipeline. PMID: [15489334] 

5. Ran regulates nuclear import and export pathways by coordinating the assembly and disassembly of transport complexes. These transport reactions are linked to the GTPase cycle and subcellular distribution of Ran. Mog1 is an evolutionarily conserved nuclear protein that binds RanGTP and stimulates guanine nucleotide release, suggesting Mog1 regulates the nuclear transport functions of Ran. In the present study, we have characterized the nuclear import pathway of Mog1, and we have defined the domain in Mog1 that stimulates GTP release from Ran. In permeabilized cells, nuclear import of Mog1 is independent of exogenously added factors, and is inhibited by wheat germ agglutinin, indicating that translocation of Mog1 involves physical interactions with the nuclear pore complex. In contrast to RanGEF, which is restricted to the nucleus, Mog1 shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Single-point mutations in acidic residues of Mog1 (Asp25, Asp34, Glu37) dramatically reduce GTP release and Ran binding activity, whereas mutation of a single basic residue (Arg30) renders Mog1 hyperactive for GTP release. These mutations map within a conserved, solvent-exposed loop in Mog1 that is functionally similar to the beta-wedge used by RanGEF to promote nucleotide release from Ran. These data suggest that Mog1 and RanGEF use similar mechanisms to facilitate guanine nucleotide release from Ran. PMID: [11733047] 

6. Previous studies have shown that a targeted deletion of Ovol1 (previously known as movo1), encoding a member of the Ovo family of zinc-finger transcription factors, leads to germ cell degeneration and defective sperm production in adult mice. To explore the cellular and molecular mechanism of Ovol1 function, we have examined the mutant testis phenotype during the first wave of spermatogenesis in juvenile mice. Consistent with the detection of Ovol1 transcripts in pachytene spermatocytes of the meiotic prophase, Ovol1-deficient germ cells were defective in progressing through the pachytene stage. The pachytene arrest was accompanied by an inefficient exit from proliferation, increased apoptosis and an abnormal nuclear localization of the G2-M cell cycle regulator cyclin B1, but was not associated with apparent chromosomal or recombination defects. Transcriptional profiling and northern blot analysis revealed reduced expression of pachytene markers in the mutant, providing molecular evidence that pachytene differentiation was defective. In addition, the expression of Id2 (inhibitor of differentiation 2), a known regulator of spermatogenesis, was upregulated in Ovol1-deficient pachytene spermatocytes and repressed by Ovol1 in reporter assays. Taken together, our studies demonstrate a role for Ovol1 in regulating pachytene progression of male germ cells, and identify Id2 as a Ovol1 target. PMID: [15716349] 

7. The cardiac sodium channel Nav 1.5 is essential for the physiological function of the heart and contributes to lethal cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death when mutated. Here, we report that MOG1, a small protein that is highly conserved from yeast to humans, is a central component of the channel complex and modulates the physiological function of Nav 1.5. The yeast two-hybrid screen identified MOG1 as a new protein that interacts with the cytoplasmic loop II (between transmembrane domains DII and DIII) of Nav 1.5. The interaction was further demonstrated by both in vitro glutathione S-transferase pull-down and in vivo co-immunoprecipitation assays in both HEK293 cells with co-expression of MOG1 and Nav1.5 and native cardiac cells. Co-expression of MOG1 with Nav1.5 in HEK293 cells increased sodium current densities. In neonatal myocytes, overexpression of MOG1 increased current densities nearly 2-fold. Western blot analysis revealed that MOG1 increased cell surface expression of Nav1.5, which may be the underlying mechanism by which MOG1 increased sodium current densities. Immunostaining revealed that in the heart, MOG1 was expressed in both atrial and ventricular tissues with predominant localization at the intercalated discs. In cardiomyocytes, MOG1 is mostly localized in the cell membrane and co-localized with Nav1.5. These results indicate that MOG1 is a critical regulator of sodium channel function in the heart and reveal a new cellular function for MOG1. This study further demonstrates the functional diversity of Nav1.5-binding proteins, which serve important functions for Nav1.5 under different cellular conditions. PMID: [18184654] 

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Function
May regulate the intracellular trafficking of RAN. Incardiac cells seems to regulate the cell surface localization ofSCN5A. 
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Subcellular Location
Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Shuttles betweenthe nucleus and cytoplasm. 
Tissue Specificity
Highgly abundant in cardiac cells. Expressedin testis during prepubertal development. 
Gene Ontology
GO IDGO termEvidence
GO:0005737 C:cytoplasm IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
GO:0014704 C:intercalated disc IDA:BHF-UCL.
GO:0005654 C:nucleoplasm IDA:MGI.
GO:0005087 F:Ran guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity IDA:MGI.
GO:0006913 P:nucleocytoplasmic transport TAS:MGI.
GO:0015031 P:protein transport IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
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Interpro
IPR007681;    Mog1.
IPR016124;    Mog1/PsbP/DUF1795_a/b/a-sand.
IPR016123;    Mog1/PsbP_a/b/a-sand.
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Pfam
PF04603;    Mog1;    1.
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SMART
PROSITE
PRINTS
Created Date
18-Oct-2012 
Record Type
GAS predicted 
Sequence Annotation
CHAIN         1    185       Ran guanine nucleotide release factor.
                             /FTId=PRO_0000330637.
MUTAGEN      24     24       D->A: Deficient in binding to RAN-GTP and
                             in GTP release activity.
MUTAGEN      29     29       R->A: Increase GTP release from RAN.
MUTAGEN      33     33       D->A: Deficient in binding to RAN-GTP and
                             in GTP release activity.
MUTAGEN      36     36       E->A: Deficient in binding to RAN-GTP and
                             in GTP release activity.
MUTAGEN      44     44       D->A: Increase GTP release from RAN.
CONFLICT     62     63       AA -> RG (in Ref. 2; BAB26824).
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Nucleotide Sequence
Length: 811 bp   Go to nucleotide: FASTA
Protein Sequence
Length: 185 bp   Go to amino acid: FASTA
The verified Protein-Protein interaction information
UniProt
Gene Symbol Ref Databases
Rasl2-9IntAct 
Other Protein-Protein interaction resources
String database  
View Microarray data
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